Thinking Of Setting Up Your Own Music Workplace? Guide Top 11 Necessary Home Recording Studio Equipments In 2022

Getting started in home recording can be confusing at first. But we think we can help. We’ve put together this brief recording equipment guide to help you choose the right gear to record your music.

There are 11 basic categories of gear that you’ll need to deck out your home recording studio. Each category has a brief description of the basic audio components used in a modern computer or tablet-based home studio today.

Remember, this is a starting point. There are many more categories of studio gear that you’ll want to add to your studio as you gain experience and upgrade your studio equipment.

Most home recording studios fit Into one of these categories:

  • singer
  • songwriter
  • musician
  • voice over project studios
  • multi-Instrument recording studios for bands
  • small ensembles
  • semi-professional engineer
  • producer
  • business owner studios
  • video game or soundtrack composition studios
  • Dj
  • Hip Hop
  • Electronica and performance setups

And they are organized by these basic components:

Recording Software

Recording software Is used for Just what the name implies: recording. It’s the engine (or mixing desk. if you will) that records and manages tracks within your computer. Recording programs range In price from free basic programs to very expensive comprehensive systems. The good news is that there are some very capable programs in the 569 to $99 range.

Most programs will work with both PC and Mac, but some don’t. Do your homework and read the specs before purchasing.

MIDI Controllers/Keyboards

Most recording software includes some type of MIDI capability, Which means that you can create endless types of sounds and/or emulate (imitate) other instruments with one keyboard.

And because of the overdubbing and editing capabilities of digital recording. you don’t have to be an expert keyboard player or accomplished drummer to create professional-sounding material. A great deal of what you hear today Is created in this way.


That’s right. The quality of your stands, mic cables, MIDI cables, pop filters, and patch cables makes a difference in the home studio. You need to get a selection with the right balance of value, noise free performance, quality construction, and hassle free operation. Good quality accessories will stand the test of time just like the rest of your gear.

Can you really hear the difference between different grades of cables? In some very high end situations, yes. But for the starter home studio, stick with mid level products and you’ll be just fine.

Audio Recording Interfaces

A recording interface serves two basic functions: converting an analog signal to a digital signal your computer can understand, and it serves as a central connection point for all of your hardware such as monitors, keyboards, headphones, etc.

Interfaces vary a lot in terms of price, options, and quality. There are several key points to remember though it must have enough microphone inputs to meet your recording needs, it must have the appropriate connection option for your computer, and it must be compatible with your recording software.

Think of recording interfaces as the electronic bridge between the sound source being recorded and your computer. It converts analog sounds into digital signals that your computer (and your recording software) will understand. It is an essential piece of equipment in all but the simplest of home studios or small portable systems.

You can spend a fortune on interfaces or you can get by very reasonably, depending on your particular requirements. Things to consider before buying an interface are PC/Mac compatibility, mobility requirements, number and type of simultaneous inputs and outputs, how the interface connects to your computer, and of course, price.


There are two types of headphones: dosed back and open back. Closed headphones are the best choice for a home studio because they offer some compromise between sound isolation and accuracy. Open-back headphones are better for mixing as they tend to be more accurate. They are not ideal for overdubbing since they do not block outside sounds as much as closed-back phones.

Headphones play a critical part in the home recording studio both in the initial recording process and in the post-production and mixing process. They are critical during the recording process in order to monitor the initial recording and during any overdubbing. They’re an important way to double-check your mixes and production against your regular desktop monitors. And finally, they can be an inexpensive alternative to studio monitors or where privacy is an issue.

We’ve reviewed a range of headphones for the home studio market that we feel will fit every budget while providing the most accurate sound reproduction possible. We’ve also considered comfort and durability, two characteristics especially important to headphones.

Home Recording Studio Setup Kits

Not sure which studio is best for you? Try to find the perfect studio using these criteria

  • Application – How will it be used? What will you be recording and producing? Solo artists? Your band? Live performances?
  • # Of Mic Inputs – How many XLR microphone inputs will you need to use at the same time?
  • Connection – Do you have a USB or firewire connection on your computer?
  • Budget – How much money are you willing to invest in your studio? Do you need just the basics or is this a career studio? 


Consider microphones the musical instruments of the recording process. And just like musical instruments, there are hundreds to choose from, but in many ways, It is your personal preference that matters most.
There are classic workhorses for the studio that will cover a range of instruments and recording situations, and then there are mics that have very specific uses. The key here is to choose the best mic for the sound sources that you plan to record that are within your budget.

Find the best microphone for your specific home recording studio application base on these questions:

  • Application – Is the mic for mobile recording or strictly for the studio? Will it be used for live performance or podcasting?
  • Connection – Do you need a standard dynamic? A condenser mic with phantom power? Will a USB mic work?
  • Retail Price – What is the amount of money you’re willing to invest? Do you need a workhorse or a specialized mic?
  • Sound Source – What is the sound source you will be recording? One specific instrument or multiple types?

Just like musical instruments, price can matter. All things equal, $100 guitars don’t sound like $1000 guitars. And a $30 mic usually won’t sound as good as a $300 mic. Let your budget and the type of sound sources guide your decision. If your budget is limited, buy one quality mic that can handle the majority of your sound sources. You can add more specialized mics later as you need them.


If you are serious about recording and your mixes, it is important to have true recording studio monitors.

Most monitors are active monitors, meaning they have their own built-in amplifier, The quality of your monitors can really matter. Do you listen to music on cheap speakers? Of course not and the same approach applies to your home studio.

Home recording studio monitors are intended for both critical listening and accurate mixing, portray your recorded music and mixes as accurately as possible. They will give you a balance of Imaging and accuracy so you’ll be able to hear when something isn’t right. Studio monitors are not intended to sound awesome. they’re intended to sound accurate.

Quality matters. Yes, you can use computer speakers or your grandma’s hi-fi. They might even be useful for checking your mixes. If it doesn’t sound good on the cheap stuff it probably won’t sound good on the expensive stuff, right? Well, kind of.

Studio monitors are intended for critical listening, and for what’s really important, mixing. They portray your recorded music and your audio mix as accurately as possible. They’ll give you a good balance of imaging and accuracy so you’ll be able to hear when something isn’t right.

Which monitors are right for you? Our advice is to choose your monitors based on the size of your workspace, your own ears, and of course your budget.

Acoustic Treatment

In many cases, acoustic treatment can make or break your home studio.

You can invest thousands of dollars in high-end equipment, but if the area where you record or mix has terrible acoustics, you may not get the kind of professional results you’re looking for.

But here’s the good news. There are ways to accomplish your goal without breaking the bank. Some of them are simple, such as positioning your equipment and sound sources in the proper areas. And there are many simple treatment options that you can build yourself.

There are many acoustic treatment products available today for the home studio that are quite effective. Both permanent installation and portable options are available.

Plugins and Virtual Instruments

Plugins are very important when it comes to vintage and digital compressors, limiters, gates, and gain controllers for the home studio. Use them to add intensity, brightness, and clarity to your vocals, drums, guitars, just about anything you can think of. They also tame the peaks of your recording tracks smoothing out the volume levels.

Compressors and limiters are two essential tools you need to get professional results in your home recording studio.

Software plugins are used to create sounds digitally or to manipulate the audio sounds once they are recorded. This includes everything from simple EQ plugins, to compressors, to beat-making software. Most recording programs come with a certain amount of plug-ins included.


Preamps are Inserted between the sound source and your recording interface. They can provide better quality sound, clarity, and/or character to your recording.

Not every home studio needs a preamp. Quality preamps can be expensive, but they make sense if you want to upgrade or change the character of your sound.

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